Baobab Tree Facts - Adansonia Digitata

Adansonia is a genus of eight species of tree, six native to Madagascar, one native to mainland Africa and the Arabian Peninsula and one to Australia. The mainland African species also occurs on Madagascar, but it is not a native of that island. A typical common name is baobab. A typical baobab tree stands at over 20 meters tall.

 The species

  • Adansonia digitata L. – African Baobab (western, northeastern, central & southern Africa, and in Oman and Yemen in the Arabian Peninsula, Asia).
  • Adansonia grandidieri Baill. – Grandidier's Baobab (Madagascar).
  • Adansonia gregorii F.Muell. (syn. A. gibbosa) – Boab or Australian Baobab (northwest Australia).
  • Adansonia madagascariensis Baill. – Madagascar Baobab (Madagascar).
  • Adansonia perrieri Capuron – Perrier's Baobab (North Madagascar).
  • Adansonia rubrostipa Jum. & H.Perrier (syn. A. fony) – Fony Baobab (Madagascar).
  • Adansonia suarezensis H.Perrier – Suarez Baobab (Diego Suarez, Madagascar).
  • Adansonia za Baill. – Baobab (Madagascar).

 Adansonia digitata, the baobab, is the most widespread of the Adansonia species on the African continent, found in the hot, dry savannahs of sub-Saharan Africa. It also grows, having spread secondary to cultivation, in populated areas. The northern limit of its distribution in Africa is associated with rainfall patterns; only on the Atlantic coast and in the Sudan does it's occurrence venture naturally into the Sahel. On the Atlantic coast this may be due to spreading after cultivation.
Its occurrence is very limited in Central Africa and it is found only in the very north of Southern Africa. In Eastern Africa the trees grow also in shrub lands and on the coast. In Angola and Namibia the baobabs grow in woodlands, and in coastal regions, in addition to savannahs. Also found in Dhofar region of Oman and Yemen in the Arabian Peninsula, Asia. This tree was found recently in India in the states of Andhra Pradesh (although this claim is disputed)and in Karnataka.

 Source Wikipedia

Scientific Papers All publications are reproduced here to reduce network traffic. All these publications are the intellectual property of their respective authors/owners and acknowledged.

Vitamin C may enhance radiation therapy for aggressive brain tumoursUniversity of Otago, New Zealand

Potassium and Health J. Anderson, L. Young and E. Long1 (Revised 8/08)

The production of jam from indigenous fruits using baobab Ndabikunze et al. February, 2011

African oils for Commercial importance - Cosmetic applications - Vermaaka, G.P.P. Kamatoua, B. Komane-Mofokenga, A.M. Viljoena,⁎, K. Beckettb

Polyphenol Content and Antioxidant Activity of Fourteen Wild Edible Fruits from Burkina Faso Aline Lamien Meda et al. Molecules, 2008

Antioxidant capacity of Adansonia digitata fruit pulp and leaves Silvia Vertuani, Stefano Manfredini et al Acta Pytotherapeutica, 2003

The use of photochemiluminescence for the measurement of the integral antioxidant capacity of baobab products Elena Besco, Silvia Vertuani, Stefano Manfredini et al, Food Chemistry, 2006

The effects of baobab pulp powder on the microflora involved in tempe fermentation O.R.Afolabi et al Eur Food ResTechnology, 2005

Baobab Fruit Pulp improves Iron status in Nigerian Children Ngozi Nnam, INACG Symposium, Peru, 2004

Hepatoprotective Influence of Adansonia digitata Pulp A. A. Al-Qarawi et al. Journal of Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants, 2003

Amino Acid, Fatty Acid, and Mineral Composition of 24 Indigenous Plants of Burkina Faso Robert H. Glew et al, Journal of food composition and Analysis, 1997

Anti-inflammatory, Analgesic and Antipyretic effect of the Fruit Pulp of Adansonia digitata
Ramadan et al, Fitoterapia, 1994

Chemical composition of baobab fruit (Adansonia digitata l.) A.A. Nour et al, Tropical science, 1980

Adansonia digitata l. - BAOBAB - Market Brief in the European Union for selected natural ingredients derived from native species Dr. Joerg Gruenwald and Dipl. Ing.- agr. Mathias Galizia, The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), 2005

Contribution a l'etude de l'activitè antidiarrheique de la Poulpe de fruit du Baobab Olive Kenne Fopa, These, Universite de DAKAR, 1994

Baobab: a review on a multipurpose tree with promising future in the Sudan J. Gebauer, K. El-Siddig and G. Ebert Gartenbauwissenschaft, 2002

Chemical and nutrient analysis of baobab fruit and seed protein solubility Magdi A. Osman Plant foods for human nutrition, 2004

Kew Bulletin, Vol. 37 - The Baobab Tree G.E. Wickens, 1984

Malian agronomic research identifies local baobab tree as source of vitamin A and vitamin C J. F. Scheuring et al, Sight and Life Newsletter, 1999 BAOBAB, Monography J.T.Williams et al, The International Centre for Underutilised Crops (ICUC), 2002

Calcium Analysis of Selected Western African Food - Baobab Leaves Boukari, I. et al, Journal of food composition and analysis, 2001

Un nouvel excipient en formulation pharmaceutique de comprimes de theophylline, type matrice hydrophile: la pulpe de fruit du Baobab E. Arama et al. Il Farmaco, 1987

In vitro trypanocidal effect of methanolic extract of some Nigerian savannah plants (Baobab Roots & Leaves) S.E. Atawodi et al. African Journal of Biotechnology, 2003

The Nutritive value of Baobab Fruit (Baobab Fruit, Seed, Shell Pod) S.M Odetokun Rivista italiana sostanza grasse, 1996

The calcium and phosphorus intakes of rural Gambian women during pregnancy and lactation (Baobab Fruit, Leaves) Ann Prentice et al. British Journal of Nutrition, 1993

Dosage de calcium dans les feuilles de Baobab
Raymond Gaywe, These, Universite de DAKAR, 1987

Nutritional Composition of Some Wild Plant Foods and Honey by Hadza foragers in Tanzania (Baobab Fruit, Seed Endocarp) Murray, S. S. et al. Journal of food composition and analysis, 2001

Nutritional quality of unconventional Tropical Crop Seeds in rats (Baobab Seed) Jurgen Proll et al. American Society for Nutritional Sciences, 1998

The Chemical Composition of Selected Indigenous Fruits of Botswana Amarteifio et al. J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Mgt., 2006

Hydrocarbons Sterols and Tocopherols in the seeds of six Adansonia species Jean-Pierre Bianchini et al. Phytochemistry, 1982

Studies on the Mucilages Extracted from Okra Fruits and Baobab Leaves Mark L. Woolfe et al. J. Sci. Fd Agric. 1977

Health Properties of Baobab Stefano Manfredini, Ferrara University, 2002

La Pharmacopee Senegalaise Traditionnelle
Adansonia digitata L. J.Kerharo, Edition Vigot Frèresnte

Further investigations on the antiviral activities of medicinal plants of Togo. Ananil et al. Pharmaceutical Biology, 2000

Investigation of medicinal plants of Togo for antiviral and antimicrobial activities. Ananil et al. Pharmaceutical Biology, 2000